1656. Item #76182
COMENIUS, Johann Amos. LATINAE LINGUAE JANUA RESERATA. Rerum & Linguarum Structuram exhibens... The Gate of the Latin Tongue Unlocked. Exhibiting in a natural order the structure of Things, and of the Latin Tongue (according to the Rules of the newest Method of Tongues.) With an Etymological Index of the Words, gathered out of the Janual Lexicon, Varro, Scaliger, Isidore, Martinius and other Classical Autors [sic] and Alphabetically disposed by W[illiam] D[u Gard]. London, Printed by William Du Gard, to be sold by John Clark, 1656. Illustrated with diagrams, an engraved frontispiece portrait Comenius, and three woodcut plates. Octavo: (a)2,A-Z8,2A-2Z8,3A4. G4 is incorrectly signed G7. Y7 - 8 and 3A4 are plates and are bound after pp. 62 and 64. Lacks leaf 3A1, two index pages. (1)f.,(xx)332(388) pp. Although many editions of the "Janua Linguarum Reserata" or "Gate of Tongues Unlocked" appeared in many languages, this is the only edition with this English-language title printed in red and black. A preface advises teachers to be patient, for "the progress of wits consisteth of small growings." Jan Amos Comenius (or Komensky), 1592-1670, was a noted scholar and educational reformer, author of "A Reformation of Schools" and the famous "Orbis Pictus," a picture encyclopedia for children which appeared in many languages and many editions through the 19th century. It was Comenius' belief that language was the key to all knowledge, and so this book, directed at young scholars, and bilingual in Latin and English, covers an enormous amount of information. One can learn about natural science, the arts, history, governmant, musical notation, poetry, the preparation of drinks, swimming, mechanics, jurisprudence, and religion, including Heathenism and Mahometanism. "Four-footed wilde things" include "the shaggie bear... the hart very nimble." The portion on medicine contains three striking anatomical woodcuts. Attractively bound in eighteenth century calf boards, rebacked and titled in gilt, showng only slight edgewear. Red edges. Repair to the first of three preliminary blanks, and half-inch marginal tear to second; small, neat early ink note to second blank. Two leaves (L3 and R1) have some feathered loss in the margins not affecting text. On the whole near-fine and cl.