1875. Item #86530
HOUSE, Edward H. THE JAPANESE EXPEDITION TO FORMOSA. Tokio: [No Publisher], 1875. Without the large supplementary map. Includes map of Southern Formosa facing p. 114. xiii,,231 pp., + errata slip bound-in at end. Octavo, side-sewn and glued into (original) printed paper wrappers with brushed Japanese-language title on spine, and housed in a modern chitsu case with paper labels on spine and upper board and bone clasps. Wrappers show some general wear and soiling. Clean text, and in very good condition overall. In 1874 Japan sent a punitive expedition to Formosa to avenge the killing of some Ryukyu islanders who had been ship-wrecked on the coast of Formosa and murdered by the inhabitants. The sovereignty of the Ryukyu Islands, which at that time belonged to China, was disputed by Japan; and when China refused to punish the Formosans, Japan claimed that it was the legal protector of the Ryukyu Islands and sent a military expedition to Formosa to avenge the murders. In a brief introductory note, dated April 1875, House says that the materials presented in this book were "chiefly collected from memoranda of personal observation of the incidents described, and of authentic narratives of the diplomatic transactions between the governments of Japan and China ... Many of the earlier chapters originally appeared in the form of letters to the New York Herald, during the summer and autumn of 1874." (Cordier I:295).