1876. Item #88086
KING, George. A MANUAL OF CINCHONA CULTIVATION IN INDIA. Calcutta: Office of the Superintendent of Government Printing, 1876. , 80, 3 pp., + 1 plate of an apparatus used in the preparation of Cinchona alkaloids. First edition. Bound with: DESCRIPTION OF THE PROCESS AT PRESENT USED FOR MANUFACTURING "CINCHONA FEBRIFUGE" AT THE SIKKIM PLANTATIONS, by C. H. Wood, Government Quinologist. [Calcutta: Office of the Superintendent of Government Printing, 1876]. 3 pp. Folio, 32.5 x 20.5 cm, cloth-backed paper boards with King's title printed to upper board. Ex-library, with all of the usual markings. Binding is only good plus: worn and scuffed, with boards chipped and backstrip starting. Text is clean but with several dog-eared leaves, but the text is very good overall. Scarce. This publication is from early in the distinguished career of the botanist Sir George King (1840-1909), written just as he was transitioning out of military-medical positions within the British Army in India. In 1871, before he had begun work on his monumental survey of the flora of the Malayan peninsula (1889), and before he was appointed the (first) Director of the Botanical Survey of India (1890) or had been awarded the Linnean Medal (1901), King was appointed superintendent of the Royal Botanic Garden, Calcutta, and of cinchona cultivation in Bengal. As manager of the cinchona department King substituted quinine-yielding cinchonas for the poorer kinds previously grown, inaugurated in 1887 an economic method of separating quinine, and established in 1893 a self-supporting method of distributing the drug at a low price. The humane services which King rendered in connection with quinine were acknowledged by the French who bestowed the grade of officier de l'instruction publique, and by the gift of a ring of honor from Tsar Alexander III. (David Prain, `King, Sir George (1840-1909)', rev. Andrew Grout, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004).