1514. Item #90338
[Ehon] Sin, Yong-gae. SOK SAMGANG HAENGSILTO. Preface from 1514 but presumed to be a 1579 printing. Although a later impression, Korean volumes of this age and importance are seldom found.
The Sok Samgang Haengsilto ('Continued Illustrated Exemplars of the Three Bonds') was published as a continuation or 'updated version' of the Samgang Haengsilto, a book originally compiled in 1432 by Kye Sun [Sun Sŏl 偰循] and others under the order of King Sejong. The Samgang Haengsilto was a morals handbook which dealt with Confucian ideas on filial piety, loyalty, and chastity.
As Samgang Haengsilto scholar Young Kyun Oh notes, ‘Under the orders of King Chung-jong, Sin Yong-gae and others collected new stories and published them as a separate edition in 1514. These included thirty-six stories of filial sons (three Chinese and thirty-three Korean), five about loyal subjects (three Chinese and two Korean), and twenty-six concerning devoted women (eight Chinese and eighteen Korean) ... Compared to earlier editions, there are a far larger number of Korean stories compared to Chinese, and the proportion of the text devoted to ‘loyal subjects’ is much smaller than in the earlier text' ('Printing the Samgang haengsil-to 三綱行實圖 (Illustrated Guide to the Three Relationships), a Premodern Korean Moral Primer', 2011).
Oh also notes that the stories in the Sok Samgang Haengsilto text were 'updated' to include more recent and well-known figures, and that the book was published twice, once during the reign of Chungjong and again in 1579 during the reign of King Sonjo. The 1579 edition is known to include one extra story in the 'loyalty' section of the book, titled ‘Sim-won denounces the treacherous’. As this particular volume includes the extra story and illustration, it is presumed to be a copy of the 1579 edition, although it may belong to a later printing.
This volume includes a total of 69 Illustrations: 36 for the section on filial piety, 6 for loyalty, and 27 for chastity (one more than in Oh's description). Each illustration is accompanied by hangul text in the upper margin and a description in Chinese characters over the page. This volume appears to be from the same edition as a copy held by the National Diet Library in Tokyo (call number WA36-7), but it lacks the final leaf of the chastity section, number 28 - which is included in the NDL copy. Also, this copy has a different illustration and story to the NDL copy of leaf 16 of the chastity section.
Soft cover binding, with general wear and chips, mostly to extremities, and worming. Binding string replaced. Title and notes hand-written in brush and ink to upper wrapper. This copy has been trimmed at its top edge resulting in substantial partial loss of the printed Hangul text in the upper margins. Continuous stain to opening edge and foot of leaves, fainter towards the end of the volume. Occasional worming and marks to text and illustrations. Housed in a custom-made chitsu.
1 v. 4, 1, 3, 36, 1, 6, 1, 27 leaves. 31.8 x 23.1 cm. Text in Hanja (Chinese characters used with Korean pronunciation). A scarce copy of the illustrated continuation to the Samgang Haengsilto, a textbook on Confucian morals widely used and highly influential in Japan, Korea, and China.