1928. Item #90575
Kokusai Bunka 国際文化 La Inter-Kulto Year 1, Issue # 2 (Kokusai Bunka Kenkyūjo Kikanshi 国際文化研究所機関誌). Kokusai Bunka Kenkyūjo 国際文化研究所, publisher. December 1928 Shōwa 3 昭和三年12月. Tokyo. 22 x 14.8cm volume with 296 pages of printed Japanese text, artwork and photos on the socialist movement in Japan and abroad, some being translations. Initial and final pages comprise notices and advertisements, including ones for Russian language study and socialist publications, such as Senki 戦旗. Table of contents in Japanese and well as a table of contents in Esperanto on the rear wrapper. Written at the height of pre-WW II Esperanto in Japan.
The publication was written at the height of Esperanto pre-WW II in Japan. One article is by the well known novelist, writer and producer Murayama Tomoyoshi 村山 知義 (1901 – 1977). (See page 269.) He was a member of the Japan Communist Party and arrested a number of times for his anti-establishment plays and political views.
A Japanese character in the lower right hand corner of the front wrapper near the spine reads “永” [Naga], indicating that the cover artwork may have been done by I. or S. Nagata. Both are listed on the rear wrapper, though they are likely the same individual given other inconsistencies in the spelling/listing of Japanese names. Nagata Isshu (or Nagata Kazunaga) 永田一脩, an article contributor (see page 284) is likely the well-known photographer and author who lived from 1903-1988 and was an editor of the magazine from 1929. He also wrote a book on socialism and art titled Proletaria Kaigaron プロレタリア繪畫論 and it seems may have been the cover artist.
In his article Talking to the World: Esperanto and Popular Internationalism in Pre-war Japan, Ian Rapley, lecturer in East Asian History at Cardiff University, writes, “Socialism had retained a place within Esperanto in Japan since 1906, coexisting with all the other forms of Esperantismo, but in the 1920s an explicitly proletarian theory began to develop, seeded by ideas from the Soviet Union, arguing for a revolutionary form of Esperanto distinct from the existing ‘bourgeois’ movement. The two groups increasingly developed into distinct, parallel communities. The mainstream movement continued much as before, but the proletarian movement published its own textbooks, ran its own courses, and created its own organisations, tied to the wider proletarian arts movement.”
Wear and foxing to front and rear wrappers and slight chipping on top fore-corner of spine. Rare.