Shōju 松寿 [Shōrakusai 松楽齊] TÔKAIDÔ FUKEI NO ZU 東海道風景の図 [THE ALBUM OF TÔKAIDÔ PAINTINGS]. Late 18th - Early 19th C. n.p.34 x 37cm orihon folding album with brushed title slip housed in an old chitsu with clasps 34 x 38.5cm with brushed title slip.
There are 69 full page scenes from the Tokaido, each 34 x 37cm. Painted here by Shōju [Roberts p, 152, under "Shorakusai." An Osaka painter from the late 18th, early 19th century].
Very skillful work in a large double-sided album. Since it inscribes many more stations than the codified 53 stations (55 with the origin and terminus), it provides an even fuller view of the Tokaido in the mid to late Edo. Elegiac and lovely scenes. Shoju was known as a Kansai ukiyo-e school artist.
#0 Nihonbashi - starting spot in this and the 53 Stations
Station #1 Shinagawa; Station #2 Kawasaki; Station #3 Kanagawa; Station #4 Hodogawa
Between Stations #4 and #5 Sugita (Known for plum blossoms)
Station #5 Totsuka
Between Stations #5 and #6 there are two views: Yuigahama & Enoshima
(Both noted beauty spots a short distance from the Tokaido route.)
Station #6 Fujisawa
Between #6 and #7 There is a waterfall Ooyama Rouben no Taki, where people still go to purify themselves in the falls in a Shintou ritual.
Station #7 Hiratsuka; Station #8 Ooiso; Station #9 Odawara; Station #10 Hakone (Hotsprings)
Between #10 and #11 there is the Heights of Hakone…. Hakone Touge
Station #11 Mishima; Station #12 Numazu; Station #13Hara; Station #14 Yoshiwara; Station #15 Kanbara; Station #16 Yui; Station #17 Okitsu; Station #18 Ejiri; Station #19 Fuchuu; Station #20 Mariko; Station #21 Okabe; Station #22 Fujieda; Station #23 Shimada; Station #24 Kanaya; Station #25 Nissaka; Station #26 Kakegawa
There are two scenes between stations 26 and 27…. They appear to be of the road to Kakegawa Castle and a view of the mountains there. But, there is no image of the castle, itself….
Station #27 Fukuroi; Station #28 Mitsuke; Station #29 Hamamatsu; Station #30 Maisaka; Station #31 Arai; Station #32 Shirasuka; Station #33 Futagawa; Station #34Yoshida;
Between station 34 and 35, there is a scene of the descent from Horaiji Temple.
Then the next painting takes in both station #35, Goyuu and Station #36, Akasaka…. In a long view of the road.
Station #37 Fujikawa; Station #38 Okazaki; Station #39
Chiryu; Station #40 Narumi; Station #41 Miya; Station #42
Kuwana; Station #43 Yokkaichi;
Between stations 43 and 44 – there is a lengthy sidetrip from the highway, down to the area of the most important Shintou shrine complex in Japan, Ise Jingu….
There are scenes from 6 locations in the Ise Shrine area….
Miyagawa Watashi - ferry across the Miyagawa river near Ise. Then, Ama no Iwato, Ainoyama, Ujibashi, Asamayama and Futami no Ura (Meoto no Iwa)
Most of these sites remain beauty and pilgrimage destinations today.Back to the road. It should be noted that the artist does not take us back to the highway by another route, it looks like he went back to the highway near Yokkaichi on the road already illustrated. In any event, it is some 90 kilometers from Meoto no Iwa up to the Toukaidou.
Station #44 Ishiyakushi; Station #45 Shouno; Station #46
Kanayama; Station #47 Seki; Station #48 Sakanoshita; Station #49 Tsuchiyama; Station #50 Minakuchi; Station #51 Ishibe; Station #52 Kusatsu; Station #53 Ootsu.
Destination – Miyako… Sanjou Bridge.
So, besides the 55 stations (counting Nihonbashi and Sanjou) there are 13 other views of beautiful and famous scenes near the Toukaidou, suitable for a side trip.
Obviously not a guide for the business traveller needing the fastest way, as some of the earlier Tokaido scrolls, printed and painted, may have been. No practical tips, rates for portage, etc., (including Moronobu’s wonderful illustrated printed map series on the route from the late 17th century Toukaidou Bunken Ezu – we have handled emaki handscrolls that basically copied that work). This scroll is different.
It appears possible that this may have been a commissioned work by someone wishing to memorialize a journey. It is a professional job, very fluid and confident brushwork throughout. A wonderful example of the genre.
The paintings themselves are quite well-preserved, the album itself and the chitsu strong and durable.
Complete from Nihonbashi in Edo to Sanjo Ohashi in Kyoto. With a bit of repaired worming here and there. A beautiful work. A wonderful examp[le of the Travel/Tokaido genre by a skilled artist.